Last Updated: November 2023
Capitalization Rates (commonly called “Cap Rates”) are real estate valuation metrics that are commonly used among real estate investors to compare different investment properties. Our Cap Rate Calculator is a convenient tool for rental real estate investors to easily understand and calculate cap rates for investment properties.
Calculate Rental Property Cap Rates
Please input the required fields (*) below to calculate a property’s Capitalization Rate (Cap Rate). See our guide on how to calculate Net Operating Income (NOI)
This calculator is meant for educational purposes only. The calculation generated from the calculator does not, and is not intended to, constitute financial advice. As such, all information, content, and materials available on this site are for general informational purposes only. Please review our Editorial Standards for more info.
Cap Rate Formula
The standard mathematical formula for calculating capitalization rate is noted below. Note that you will first need to determine Net Operating Income and Fair Market Value values first to input into the rental property calculator.
Cap Rate = (Net Operating Income1)/(Fair Market Value2)
1. Net Operating Income – A property’s gross operating income, minus its operating expenses.
2. Property Value – Also sometimes called Fair Market Value, is the price in which someone is willing to pay for a property and the amount the seller is willing to accept.
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Rental Property Cap Rate Calculator FAQ
Is a Higher or Lower Cap Rate Better for Investors?
Whether a higher or lower Cap Rate is better depends on the investor’s objectives and the market context. A higher Cap Rate typically suggests a higher potential return but may also indicate higher perceived risk or less property appreciation potential. Conversely, a lower Cap Rate can suggest a more stable or desirable property or area but may come with a lower yield.
Why Might Two Similar Properties in the Same Area Have Different Cap Rates?
Factors such as the age of the property, the quality of tenants, lease durations, property condition, and potential for future rent increases can all influence Cap Rates. Even within the same area, variations in these factors can lead to different Cap Rates for seemingly similar properties.
How Does Cap Rate Relate to Other Financial Metrics Like Return on Investment (ROI) or Cash on Cash Return?
While the Cap Rate measures a property’s return without considering financing, ROI takes into account the total return on an investment, including appreciation, tax benefits, and changes in equity. Cash on Cash Return focuses on the annual return relative to the amount of cash invested, considering financing costs. Each metric offers a different perspective on the profitability and performance of an investment.
What are the Limitations or Drawbacks to Using Cap Rate for Evaluation?
While the Cap Rate is a useful quick metric, it doesn’t account for property financing, future capital expenditures, or potential changes in NOI over time. Additionally, it can be influenced by short-term market fluctuations. Investors should use it in conjunction with other metrics and due diligence processes.